Pesticide resistance - Wikipedia- house fly insecticide resistance definition chemistry ,The Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) definition of insecticide resistance is 'a heritable change in the sensitivity of a pest population that is reflected in the repeated failure of a product to achieve the expected level of control when used according to the …Role of nonoxidative metabolism in organophosphorus resistanceNew Journal of Chemistry 2013, 37 (12) , 3956. ... The purification and characterization of esterases from insecticide-resistant and susceptible house flies. ... The effect of phenobarbital on mercapturic acid biosynthesis in the house fly Musca domestica. Insect Biochemistry 1981, 11 (6) , 649-651.



(PDF) Insecticide resistance of house fly, Musca domestica ...

Parasitol Res (2009) 105:489–493 DOI 10.1007/s00436-009-1425-x ORIGINAL PAPER Insecticide resistance of house fly, Musca domestica (L.) from Argentina Gonzalo Roca Acevedo & Miguel Zapater & Ariel Ceferino Toloza Received: 16 March 2009 / Accepted: 18 March 2009 / Published online: 2 April 2009 # Springer-Verlag 2009 Abstract The status of resistance to cyromazine, 2,2- are mechanical ...

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Insecticide resistance | The Journal of Agricultural ...

Insecticide resistance in the house fly: decreased rate of absorption as the mechanism of action of a gene that acts as an intensifier of resistance. Journal of Economic Entomology 61 , 1298 – 1303 .

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Insecticide Mixtures Could Enhance the Toxicity of ...

Apr 16, 2013·House flies, Musca domestica L., are important pests of dairy operations worldwide, with the ability to adapt wide range of environmental conditions. There are a number of insecticides used for their management, but development of resistance is a serious problem. Insecticide mixtures could enhance the toxicity of insecticides in resistant insect pests, thus resulting as a potential resistance ...

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Introduction to Insecticide Resistance – Pesticide ...

A classic example is the house fly. Populations of this insect that became resistant to DDT in the 1950’s, also exhibited resistance, with no previous exposure, to pyrethroid insecticides used decades later. DDT and pyrethroids have the same MOA. This phenomenon is known as cross-resistance.

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Synergistic and antagonistic effects of insecticide binary ...

The house fly, Musca domestica Linnaeus, 1758 (Diptera, Muscidae), is known as a globally distributed parasite with veterinary and medical importance and the ability to develop resistance to insecticides Insecticide mixtures can contribute to enhancing the effectiveness of existing insecticides against house flies and to implementing insecticide resistance management.

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Insecticide resistance in house flies from the United ...

The levels of resistance to six different insecticides were determined (using discriminating concentration bioassays) in 10 collections of house flies from dairies in nine different states. In addition, the frequencies of Vssc and CYP6D1 alleles that confer resistance to pyrethroid insecticides were determined for each fly population.

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The biochemical genetics of permethrin resistance in the ...

Permethrin resistance in the Learn-PyR strain of house fly was examined in four genetically derived substrains, each being homozygous for a different “resistant” autosome of the Learn-PyR strain. The resistance of these derivative strains was characterized toxicologically and biochemically. The relative levels of resistance to permethrin conferred by each autosome were 5>3>1>2.

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Impact of an Insecticide Resistance Strategy for House Fly ...

Dec 01, 2002·A computer model has been developed at CSL that incorporates data for house fly biology, genetics of insecticide resistance and treatment chemistry. This model could be a useful tool to aid in the design of more efficient insecticide resistance management strategies for house fly control, thus prolonging the useful life of current and novel ...

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Genetics and Biochemistry of Insecticide Resistance in ...

High-affinity receptors for DDT and pyrethroids are present in insects (Chang and Plapp, 1983a,c). House flies possessing the gene kdr for target- site resistance bound less insecticide than susceptible flies. Resistant flies had fewer target-site receptors than susceptible flies (Chang and Plapp, 1983b).

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Pest Resistance to Pesticides | G. P. Georghiou | Springer

The development of resistance to pesticides is generally acknowledged as one of the most serious obstacles to effective pest control today. Since house flies first developed resistance to DDT in 1946, more than 428 species of arthropods, at least 91 species of plant pathogens, five species of noxious weeds and two species of nematodes were reported to have developed strains resistant to on~ or ...

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Insecticide resistance in house flies from the United ...

Nov 01, 2013·1. Introduction. The house fly, Musca domestica, is a common pest that is necessary to control due to its role as a disease vector in humans, livestock, and poultry.House flies have been identified as mechanical vectors of pathogens that cause a large number of diseases such as salmonellosis, polio, coxsackie, hepatitis, bacillary dysentery, cholera, typhoid, paratyphoid and …

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house fly - Musca domestica Linnaeus

Continuous exposure of flies to insecticides has led to development of insecticide resistance to many insecticides. Indoors, the control of flies includes automatic misters, fly paper, electrocuting and baited traps that can be used in milk rooms and other areas of low fly numbers.

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Insecticide resistance monitoring of house fly populations ...

Insecticide resistance in house fly populations is a major problem faced by livestock producers worldwide. A survey of insecticide resistance levels and pyrethroid resistance allele frequencies in the United States was conducted in 2008-09, but little is known about how resistance levels have changed over the last 10 years.

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Arthropod Pesticide Resistance Database | Michigan State ...

Stability of Field-Selected Resistance to Conventional and Newer Chemistry Insecticides in the House Fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae). Neotropical Entomology, 44(4) 402-409. G17723

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Molecular biology of insecticide resistance - ScienceDirect

Dec 01, 1995·Plapp, F.W. Jr. (1984) The genetic basis of insecticide resistance in the house fly: evidence that a single locus plays a major role in metabolic resistance. Pestic. Bio- …

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Resistance to Conventional and New Insecticides in House ...

House flies, Musca domestica L., are pests of poultry facilities and have the ability to develop resistance against different insecticides. This study was conducted to assess the resistance status of house flies to pyrethroid, organophosphate, and novel chemistry insecticides from …

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Insecticide resistance and resistance mechanisms in bed ...

Jun 29, 2017·Insecticide resistance in bed bugs. Insecticide resistance is defined by the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) [] as ‘a heritable change in the sensitivity of a pest population that is reflected in the repeated failure of a product to achieve the expected level of control when used according to the label recommendation for that pest species’.

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Molecular biology of insecticide resistance - ScienceDirect

Dec 01, 1995·Plapp, F.W. Jr. (1984) The genetic basis of insecticide resistance in the house fly: evidence that a single locus plays a major role in metabolic resistance. Pestic. Bio- …

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house fly - Musca domestica Linnaeus

Continuous exposure of flies to insecticides has led to development of insecticide resistance to many insecticides. Indoors, the control of flies includes automatic misters, fly paper, electrocuting and baited traps that can be used in milk rooms and other areas of low fly numbers.

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Insecticide resistance and resistance mechanisms in bed ...

Jun 29, 2017·Insecticide resistance in bed bugs. Insecticide resistance is defined by the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC) [] as ‘a heritable change in the sensitivity of a pest population that is reflected in the repeated failure of a product to achieve the expected level of control when used according to the label recommendation for that pest species’.

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Tight genetic linkage between the kdr insecticide ...

The kdr insecticide resistance trait in the house fly, Musca domestica, confers resistance to the rapid paralysis (knockdown) and lethal effects of 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane (DDT) and pyrethroids. Flies with the kdr trait exhibit reduced neuronal sensitivity to these compounds, which are known to act at voltage-sensitive sodium channels of nerve membranes.

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Victor Guzov - Academia.edu

Up-regulation of detoxifying enzymes in insecticide-resistant strains of the house fly is a common mechanism for metabolic resistance. However, the molecular basis of this increased insecticide metabolism is not well understood.

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Does resistance really carry a fitness cost? - ScienceDirect

Jun 01, 2017·Insecticide resistance mutations are widely assumed to carry fitness costs. ... Therefore in the absence of a cost, resistance can only be overcome by the introduction of a new class of chemistry to which no pre-existing mechanisms confer cross-resistance. ... Variable fitness costs for pyrethroid resistance alleles in the house fly, Musca ...

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Resistance to Conventional and New Insecticides in House ...

House flies, Musca domestica L., are pests of poultry facilities and have the ability to develop resistance against different insecticides. This study was conducted to assess the resistance status of house flies to pyrethroid, organophosphate, and novel chemistry insecticides from …

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